The role of accreted continental crust in the formation of granites within the Alpine style continental collision zone: Geochemical and geochronological constrains from leucogranites in the Çataldağ Metamorphic Core Complex (NW Turkey)

Ömer Kamacı*, Şafak Altunkaynak

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Özet

The recently discovered Çataldağ Metamorphic Core Complex (ÇMCC) of Eo-Oligocene age is situated in NW Turkey, which is a part of the Alpine collisional belt. The footwall of the ÇMCC consists of a granite-gneiss-migmatite complex (GGMC) with a domal structure. Here, we document new major-trace element geochemistry, Sr-Nd-Pb isotope characteristics and Ti-in-zircon thermometry data from granites and syn-plutonic mafic dykes that are connected to the gneiss-migmatite dome of ÇMCC, and discuss granitic melt evolution within the context of the syn-to post-collisional evolution of the western Anatolian orogenic crust. Granites of the GGMC include both peraluminous garnet-bearing leucogranite and two-mica granite that emplaced from 32 to 35 Ma. Both types of leucogranite are enriched in light rare earth elements (Rb, U, K, Pb) and depleted in HFSE (Nb, Ta, Zr, Ti). Their 87Sr/86Sr, 206Pb/204Pb and 207Pb/204Pb initial isotope values range from 0.7094 to 0.7113, 18.79 to 18.91, and 15.71 to 15.73, respectively, and εNd(33) values vary between −5.13 and − 7.79. On the other hand, mafic dykes show similar isotopic characteristics (87Sr/86Sr(33) = 0.7055, εNd(33) = −1.8 and 206Pb/204Pb = 18.8) to enriched mantle melts. Geochemical modelling shows that the granites have dominant crustal melt component (85–70%) and a minor mantle component (<30%). According to partial melting modelling and Ti-in-zircon thermometer calculations, granitic melt was formed by water-absent muscovite dehydration melting of a micaschist source (a melt fraction of max. 35%) at ≥7–10 kb and 739–840 °C. Whole rock geochemistry, isotopic characteristics and inherited zircon chronology, combined with the geology of the region, indicate that granitic melts were derived by partial melting of Anatolide-Tauride crustal units that were underthrusted below the Sakarya Continent along the İzmir-Ankara Suture Zone. On the other hand, the source of the syn plutonic mafic dykes emplaced in the core of the ÇMCC is inferred to derived from enriched mantle (EM II) that lay beneath the western Anatolian orogenic crust. We infer that partial melting and melt migration to produce leucogranites are most probably related to thermal weakening and partial removal of western Anatolian young orogenic lithosphere during the transitional phase between the latest phase of collision and the earliest phase of extension, in the Eo-Oligocene.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Makale numarası105347
DergiLithos
Hacim354-355
DOI'lar
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - Şub 2020

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2019

Finansman

This study was supported by research grants from the Scientific & Technical Research Council of Turkey ( TUBITAK-CAYDAG-109Y082 and TUBITAK-2214-A International Doctorate Research Fellowship) and from Istanbul Technical University (Scientific Research Projects - BAP project 36010 ). We are deeply grateful to A. Ünal for their help in the field. We would like to express our gratitude to S. C. Genç, E. Aldanmaz and G. Sunal for their advice and comments. Many thanks to Olivier Vanderhaeghe and an anonymous reviewer for their constructive contributions that helped improving and clarifying the original manuscript. We also thank Mike Roden for editorial help.

FinansörlerFinansör numarası
Scientific & Technical Research Council of TurkeyTUBITAK-2214-A, TUBITAK-CAYDAG-109Y082
Istanbul Teknik Üniversitesi36010

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