The resurrection of earlier imprints post mortem: Explaining the Turkish agricultural cooperative movement with an imprinting theory lens, 1888–1937

Cemil Ozan Soydemir*, Mehmet Erçek

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Özet

This study aims to extend the cooperative lifecycle theory, which builds on consecutive degeneration and regeneration of ideal cooperative values such as democracy, self-help, and solidarity by offering a new regenerative mechanism. In this respect, the study imports multilevel imprinting theory from the organizational ecology domain to explicate the punctuated evolutionary pattern of Turkish agricultural credit cooperatives, which displayed significantly different characteristics from Raiffeisen cooperatives that cooperative discourse in Türkiye used for a long as a benchmark. The archival research undertaken in the study asserts that the imprints of Ottoman Memleket Sandiks (OMS) have stamped agricultural credit cooperatives of the Republican era long after their erosion. The resurrection of imprints was enabled by Ziraat Bank, which acted as an intermediary organization and took over the remnants of OMSs. Our analyses also suggest that the State's polity and policy transformations culminate in selective activation of past imprints within the Ziraat Bank, which, in turn, shaped the Turkish agricultural cooperative field.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Sayfa (başlangıç-bitiş)1199-1232
Sayfa sayısı34
DergiAnnals of Public and Cooperative Economics
Hacim94
Basın numarası4
DOI'lar
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - Ara 2023

Bibliyografik not

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Edgard Milhaud Foundation.

Finansman

The authors thank The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Türkiye (TÜBİTAK) for its financial support (Grant no: 217K015).

FinansörlerFinansör numarası
Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştırma Kurumu217K015

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