The effects of industrial production on black carrot concentrate quality and encapsulation of anthocyanins in whey protein hydrogels

Seda Ersus Bilek*, Fatih Mehmet Yılmaz, Gülay Özkan

*Bu çalışma için yazışmadan sorumlu yazar

Araştırma sonucu: ???type-name???Makalebilirkişi

39 Atıf (Scopus)

Özet

The effects of the industrial processing steps (chopping–blanching-citric acid solution addition, pressing, pasteurization, depectinization, rotary vacuum filtration, bag filter and concentration) on the total and individual phenolic compounds, flavonoids, anthocyanins, and antioxidant capacity of black carrot concentrate were investigated. Then, an anthocyanin-rich black carrot concentrate (5%) was encapsulated with the emulsion method to make thermally induced whey protein-based microcapsules; the microencapsulated back carrot concentrate was used as a natural colorant in yogurt. The degradation rates of phenolics, flavonoids, anthocyanins and antioxidant capacity (1/EC50) of black carrots from raw material to concentrate were 25, 20, 19, and 33.5%, respectively, while the browning index, which is a commercial index, increased 23% between raw materials to concentrate. Bioactive compounds were moderately affected by the processing steps with the largest changes occurring early in the process. Pasteurization at 85 °C/2.5 min and concentration to 63.5°Bx caused a higher rate of total phenolic and flavonoid degradation compared to anthocyanins. Encapsulated concentrate in whey hydrogels showed homogenous distribution of the pink color in yogurts when added at 5, 10, 15 and 20% capsule concentrations. In whey hydrogels, 2.0 g/kg db phenolics, 1.43 g/kg db for flavonoids, 0.86 g/kg db anthocyanin was found.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Sayfa (başlangıç-bitiş)72-80
Sayfa sayısı9
DergiFood and Bioproducts Processing
Hacim102
DOI'lar
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - 1 Mar 2017

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Institution of Chemical Engineers

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