The comparison of land cover change and erosion-deposition patterns during the Early Bronze Age-I (ca. 5100-4700 cal. BP) in Eastern and Southwestern Anatolia

Bülent Arıkan*, Gonca Dardeniz

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Land use in archaeological societies has important consequences for ecosystemic changes in the long-term, which directly affect the sustainability of the economy and socio-political organization. In the Near East; socio-political organization, mode of production, and land use patterns diversified spatio-temporally during the Early Bronze Age-I (ca. 5100–4700 cal. BP) when socially complex entities emerged across the region. During this transformative phase, Anatolia witnessed polities of varying levels of organization and modes of subsistence, all of which translate into diverse land use patterns. This research focuses on the results of agent-based modeling to simulate the long-term impacts of land use/land cover change at two major Early Bronze Age sites; Arslantepe (ca. 5100–4700 cal. BP) in Eastern Anatolia and Hacılar Büyük Höyük (ca. 5100–4900 cal. BP) in Southwest Anatolia. Arslantepe and Hacılar Büyük Höyük are situated in different environments (i.e., climate and vegetation), and show different levels of social organization, and economies. Comparing the land use patterns of these two contemporary but otherwise different polities presents important results in terms of our understanding of how land use patterns diversify and what their ecological results have been in the long term.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Makale numarası104435
DergiJournal of Archaeological Science: Reports
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - Nis 2024

Bibliyografik not

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Elsevier Ltd


The research that led to the development of MML was supported by the United States National Science Foundation grants BCS-410269 , BCS-638879 , BCS-543848 , and DEB - 1313727 , and by Arizona State University . We are also grateful to the anonymous reviewers of the paper. Part of this work was supported by the Research Fund of the Istanbul Technical University (BAP) project number SGA-2020-42540 . The ABM experiments at Arslantepe and Hacılar Büyük Höyük (HBH) were funded by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Türkiye ( TÜBİTAK ) with the project numbers 113K826 and 215K130. An advanced version of HBH erosion models was funded by TUBITAK project number 121K358.

FinansörlerFinansör numarası
National Science FoundationBCS-543848, DEB - 1313727, BCS-410269, BCS-638879
Arizona State University
Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştırma Kurumu121K358, 113K826, 215K130
Istanbul Teknik Üniversitesi
Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Birimi, İstanbul Teknik ÜniversitesiSGA-2020-42540

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