The 2020 M w 7.0 Samos (Eastern Aegean Sea) Earthquake: joint source inversion of multitype data, and tsunami modelling

Yu Sheng Sun*, Diego Melgar, Angel Ruiz-Angulo, Athanassios Ganas, Tuncay Taymaz, Brendan Crowell, Xiaohua Xu, Varvara Tsironi, Ilektra Karasante, Seda Yolsal- Çevikbilen, Ceyhun Erman, Tahir Serkan Irmak, Yeşim Çubuk-Sabuncu, Tuna Eken

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We present a kinematic slip model and a simulation of the ensuing tsunami for the 2020 M w 7.0 Néon Karlovásion (Samos, Eastern Aegean Sea) earthquake, generated from a joint inversion of high-rate GNSS, strong ground motion and InSAR data. From the inversion, we find that the source time function has a total duration of ∼20 s with three peaks at ∼4, 7.5 and 15 s corresponding to the development of three asperities. Most of the slip occurs at the west of the hypocentre and ends at the northwest downdip edge. The peak slip is ∼3.3 m, and the inverted rake angles indicate predominantly normal faulting motion. Compared with previous studies, these slip patterns have essentially similar asperity location, rupture di- mension and anticorrelation with aftershocks. Consistent with our study, most published papers show the source duration of ∼20 s with three episodes of increased moment releases. For the ensuing tsunami, the eight available gauge records indicate that the tsunami waves last ∼18-30 hr depending on location, and the response period of tsunami is ∼10-35 min. The initial waves in the observed records and synthetic simulations show good agreement, which indirectly validates the performance of the inverted slip model. Ho wever , the synthetic wavefor ms str uggle to generate long-duration tsunami behaviour in simulations. Our tests suggest that the resolution of the bathymetry may be a potential factor affecting the simulated tsunami duration and amplitude. It should be noted that the maximum wave height in the records may occur after the decay of synthetic wave amplitudes. This implies that the inability to model long-duration tsunamis could result in underestimation in future tsunami hazard assessments.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Sayfa (başlangıç-bitiş)1285-1300
Sayfa sayısı16
DergiGeophysical Journal International
Basın numarası3
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - 1 Haz 2024

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Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2024.

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