Supporting rail freight services in Turkey: Private sector perspectives on logistics connectivity issues

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Özet

This study explores the current status of rail freight transportation in Turkey, which, despite having once been a dominant mode of land transport, has experienced a substantial decline in its market share. The main aim of this study is to analyse and mitigate the causes that have contributed to the decline in the competitiveness of rail freight. Additionally, this research aims to provide practical solutions for revitalizing the rail freight industry. To achieve this, the research employs a multifaceted approach, involving structured interviews with logistics professionals and industry experts in Turkey, coupled with comprehensive case studies of successful rail initiatives. These methods provide a comprehensive assessment of the current landscape and identify viable strategies for enhancing rail freight competitiveness. The key findings underscore the urgent need for reforms in Turkey's railway sector, emphasizing the importance of improved investment planning, efficient use of rolling stock resources, and the reinforcement of Turkish State Railways' (TCDD) market position. This study concludes that continuous investigation and flexible policy adjustments are essential in order to address issues and ensure the revitalization and growth of the sector. Consequently, this research lays the foundation for future, in-depth examinations and policy refinements, offering valuable insights for policymakers and stakeholders in Turkey's evolving transport landscape.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Makale numarası101098
DergiCase Studies on Transport Policy
Hacim14
DOI'lar
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - Ara 2023
Harici olarak yayınlandıEvet

Bibliyografik not

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 World Conference on Transport Research Society

Finansman

This study is funded by the World Bank under the Technical Assistance “Support Effective Logistics Services in Turkey”. The author appreciates inputs and suggestions received from the World Bank task team led by Winnie Wang, Senior Transport Specialist, Murad Gurmeric, Senior Transport Engineer, Richard Bullock, Lead Railway Consultant and Branko Bajatovic, Lead Infrastructure Financing Consultant. The author also appreciates the kind collaboration from Aktifsped Uluslararası Nakliyat ve Tic. Ltd. Şti., Arçelik A.Ş., Ar-Gü Demiryolu Taşıma ve Depoculuk A.Ş., Arkas Lojistik A.Ş., Balkan süt ve Süt Ürünleri A.Ş., BSH Ev Aletleri Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş, Borusan Lojistik Dağıtım Depolama Taş. ve Tic. A.Ş., Brisa Bridgestone Sabancı Lastik San. ve Tic. A.Ş., Demiryolu Taşımacılığı Derneği (DTD), DHL Freight Taşımacılık ve Lojistik Hizmetleri A.Ş., ETaşımacılık A.Ş., Europe Intermodal Nakliyecilik Hizmetleri Aracılığı Ltd.Şti., Ford Otomotiv Sanayi A.Ş., Körfez Ulaştırma A.Ş., MAN Türkiye A.Ş., MOS Lojistik Hizmetleri A.Ş., OMSAN Lojistik A.Ş., Petkim Petrokimya Holding A.Ş., Rail Cargo Logistics Uluslararası Taşımacılık Lojistik ve Ticaret Limited Şirketi, Reysaş Lojistik A.Ş., Siemens Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş., Transorient Intrnational Forwarding Inc, UTİKAD Uluslararası Taşımacılık ve Lojistik Hizmet Üretenleri Derneği, Veskim Kimyevi Mad.İth.İhr.A.Ş., and Ministry of Transport/DG/TCDD. This study is funded by the World Bank under the Technical Assistance “Support Effective Logistics Services in Turkey”. The author appreciates inputs and suggestions received from the World Bank task team led by Winnie Wang, Senior Transport Specialist, Murad Gurmeric, Senior Transport Engineer, Richard Bullock, Lead Railway Consultant and Branko Bajatovic, Lead Infrastructure Financing Consultant. The author also appreciates the kind collaboration from Aktifsped Uluslararası Nakliyat ve Tic. Ltd. Şti. Arçelik A.Ş. Ar-Gü Demiryolu Taşıma ve Depoculuk A.Ş. Arkas Lojistik A.Ş. Balkan süt ve Süt Ürünleri A.Ş. BSH Ev Aletleri Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş, Borusan Lojistik Dağıtım Depolama Taş. ve Tic. A.Ş. Brisa Bridgestone Sabancı Lastik San. ve Tic. A.Ş. Demiryolu Taşımacılığı Derneği (DTD), DHL Freight Taşımacılık ve Lojistik Hizmetleri A.Ş. ETaşımacılık A.Ş. Europe Intermodal Nakliyecilik Hizmetleri Aracılığı Ltd.Şti. Ford Otomotiv Sanayi A.Ş. Körfez Ulaştırma A.Ş. MAN Türkiye A.Ş. MOS Lojistik Hizmetleri A.Ş. OMSAN Lojistik A.Ş. Petkim Petrokimya Holding A.Ş. Rail Cargo Logistics Uluslararası Taşımacılık Lojistik ve Ticaret Limited Şirketi, Reysaş Lojistik A.Ş. Siemens Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. Transorient Intrnational Forwarding Inc, UTİKAD Uluslararası Taşımacılık ve Lojistik Hizmet Üretenleri Derneği, Veskim Kimyevi Mad.İth.İhr.A.Ş. and Ministry of Transport/DG/TCDD. Rail-based intermodal transport has the potential to mitigate road congestion and reduce carbon emissions associated with freight transport ( Eom et al., 2012 ). Consequently, Europe has maintained a long-standing policy objective of promoting competitive freight through the integration of various transportation modes and the support of rail-based intermodal transport, as evidenced by supportive policies, diverse projects, and financial initiatives ( European Commission, 2021 ). These efforts show that a fundamental prerequisite for success is the development of the right mentality and skills to provide reliable infrastructure and efficient operations that meet customers’ requirements ( Aritua, 2019 ). A clear understanding of the linkages between infrastructure development, freight markets and modal shift is essential for a sound policy development and planning.

FinansörlerFinansör numarası
Europe Intermodal Nakliyecilik Hizmetleri Aracılığı Ltd.Şti
Ministry of Transport/DG/TCDD
World Bank Group
European Commission

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