Sorption of Th(IV) onto ZnO nanoparticles and diatomite-supported ZnO nanocomposite: Kinetics, mechanism and activation parameters

Sabriye Yusan*, Anastasia Bampaiti, Sema Erenturk, Fotini Noli, Mahmut A.A. Aslani, Sule Aytas

*Bu çalışma için yazışmadan sorumlu yazar

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8 Atıf (Scopus)

Özet

In this study, for the first time ZnO nanoparticles and diatomite-supported ZnO nanocomposite have been utilized as adsorbent for the removal of Th(IV) ions from aqueous solutions under different experimental conditions. The Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin- Radushkevich (D-R) isotherms were used to analyze the equilibrium data. The sorption equilibrium data were fitted well to the Langmuir isotherm with maximum sorption capacities values was found to be 1.105 mmol/g and 0.320 mmol/g for ZnO nanoparticles and diatomitesupported ZnO nanocomposite, respectively. Pseudo-first and pseudo-second order equations, Intraparticle diffusion and Bangham's models were considered to evaluate the rate parameters and sorption mechanism. Sorption kineticswere better reproduced by the pseudo-second order model (R2 >0.999), with an activation energy (Ea) of +99.74 kJ/mol and +62.95 kJ/mol for ZnO nanoparticles and diatomite-supported ZnO nanocomposite, respectively. In order to specify the type of sorption reaction, thermodynamic parameters were also determined. The evaluated δG∗ and ΔH∗ indicate the non-spontaneous and endothermic nature of the reactions. The results of this work suggest that both of the used materials are fast and effective adsorbents for removing Th(IV) from aqueous solutions and chemical sorption plays a role in controlling the sorption rate.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Sayfa (başlangıç-bitiş)635-647
Sayfa sayısı13
DergiRadiochimica Acta
Hacim104
Basın numarası9
DOI'lar
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - 1 Eyl 2016

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