Shock stand-off distances over sharp wedges for thermally non-equilibrium dissociating nitrogen flows

U. Yildiz, D. Vatansever, B. Celik*

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Özet

Abstract: In this study, shock stand-off distances for thermally and chemically non-equilibrium flows of nitrogen over wedges are computationally investigated via a hypersonic computational fluid dynamics solver, hyperReactingFoam by spanning a parameter space that consists of ranges of Mach number, 4–10, specific heat ratio, 1.40–1.61 and wedge angles, 60 –90 . Then, the space is reduced into the parameters of inverse density ratio across the shock and dimensionless wedge angle which will be used as variables for quadratic functions that represent shock stand-off distances. Besides the functions of shock stand-off distances, detached shock profiles of computationally modeled flows are represented by parabolic equations. The flows are observed to be chemically frozen for Mach number ranges of 4–5 regardless of the specific heat ratio value of the nitrogen mixture. Our results show that the shock stand-off distance decreases as Mach number is increased from 4 to 7, if the wedge angle and free-stream specific heat ratio are kept the same. On the other hand, if Mach number is increased beyond 7, the shock stand-off distance starts to extend due to the dissociation of nitrogen molecules behind the shock wave. At Mach 10, nitrogen completely dissociates over 90 wedge for all specific heat ratios considered in the present study. Increased leading edge angle of the wedge or specific heat ratio of free-stream yields longer shock stand-off distance. Graphic abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Sayfa (başlangıç-bitiş)799-821
Sayfa sayısı23
DergiTheoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics
Hacim37
Basın numarası6
DOI'lar
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - Ara 2023

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

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