Shear stress-based analysis of sediment incipient deposition in rigid boundary open channels

Necati Erdem Unal*

*Bu çalışma için yazışmadan sorumlu yazar

Araştırma sonucu: ???type-name???Makalebilirkişi

10 Atıf (Scopus)

Özet

Urban drainage and sewer systems, and channels in general, are treated by the deposition of sediment that comes from water collecting systems, such as roads, parking lots, land, cultivation areas, and so forth, which are all under gradual or sudden change. The carrying capacity of urban area channels is reduced heavily by sediment transport that might even totally block the channel. In order to solve the sedimentation problem, it is therefore important that the channel is designed by considering self-cleansing criteria. Incipient deposition is proposed as a conservative method for channel design and is the subject of this study. With this aim, an experimental study carried out in trapezoidal, rectangular, circular, U-shape, and V-bottom channels is presented. Four different sizes of sand were used as sediment in the experiments performed in a tilting flume under nine different longitudinal channel bed slopes. A shear stress approach is considered, with the Shields and Yalin methods used in the analysis. Using the experimental data, functionals are developed for both methods. It is seen that the bed shear stress changes with the shape of the channel cross-section. Incipient deposition in rectangular and V-bottom channels starts under the lowest and the highest shear stress, respectively, due mainly to the shape of the channel cross-section that affects the distribution of shear stress on the channel bed.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Makale numarası1399
DergiWater (Switzerland)
Hacim10
Basın numarası10
DOI'lar
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - 9 Eki 2018

Bibliyografik not

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 by the authors.

Finansman

The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) Project number 114M283, The Scientific Research Projects (BAP) Unit of Istanbul Technical University Project number 37973. The author is thankful to the Reviewers, Guest Editors and Academic Editor for their important comments with which the paper has been well improved.

FinansörlerFinansör numarası
British Association for Psychopharmacology

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