Scientific research and collaboration in Antarctica: Türkiye's engagement from a science diplomacy perspective

Derya Buyuktanir Karacan*, Burcu Ozsoy, Dilara Zengin Okay

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Özet

The Antarctic Peninsula is one of the most affected regions by global climate change, requiring a multinational and collaborative effort of concerted actions guided by scientific principles. Science diplomacy has been embraced by policymakers and various stakeholders as a promising approach in international and global politics to tackle this issue and manage Antarctica's governance peacefully through science and diplomacy. The Antarctic Treaty System has been accepted as a model for international cooperation among the countries interested in Antarctic science and governance for many years. However, with the profound changes in the Antarctic Peninsula landscape in recent years due to global climate change, an increasing number of nations with various motivations have been more eager to secure a place at the table regarding the governance of Antarctica, which has become a vital agenda. Scientific research and collaboration have been among the most effective ways for most countries to show their presence in/for the region. This study aims to emphasize the increasing importance of Antarctica from a Science Diplomacy perspective and discuss Türkiye's recent policies and initiatives as an emerging market economy and a potential model for developing countries to engage in scientific research and collaboration in Antarctica from the same perspective.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Makale numarası101035
DergiPolar Science
Hacim39
DOI'lar
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - Mar 2024

Bibliyografik not

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier B.V. and NIPR

Finansman

In 2009, more than forty sponsoring organizations worldwide, including The Royal Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), as well as the US House of Representatives and the US Senate involved in the 2009 Antarctic Treaty Summit held during the 50th anniversary of the 1959 Antarctic Treaty. Participants came from nearly thirty nations. After 2009, more papers were generated in ‘Nature’ and ‘Science,’ as well as other journals. The Antarctic Treaty Summit produced the first book on Science Diplomacy8 highlighting its international, interdisciplinary, and inclusive applications (Berkman, 2019). All these developments helped the emergence of the conceptual framing of science diplomacy. They attracted more interest from the countries that realized the importance of the relationship between foreign policy and science and technology.

FinansörlerFinansör numarası
US House of Representatives
American Association for the Advancement of Science
Royal Society

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