Reclamation of forward osmosis reject water containing hexavalent chromium via coupled electrochemical-physical processes

Milad Mousazadeh*, Zohreh Naghdali, Işık Kabdaşlı, Miguel A. Sandoval, Fatima Ezzahra Titchou, Farideh Malekdar, Mahmoud Nasr, Carlos A. Martínez-Huitle, Eric Lichtfouse, Mohammad Mahdi Emamjomeh

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6 Atıf (Scopus)

Özet

Forward osmosis is a water separation process that uses the natural energy of osmotic pressure to separate water from dissolved solutes through a semipermeable membrane. One of the major challenges using this process is the rejection water which contains high content of pollutants, hindering its practical application. Herein, for the first time, this work introduces a coupled electrochemical-physical process including iron-electrocoagulation/filtration/sedimentation as a cost-effective treatment to the forward osmosis reject water containing hexavalent chromium to be reclaimed. The synergistic treatment was optimized through a central composite design and response surface methodology to enhance hexavalent Cr removal and minimize operating costs, electrical energy consumption, and settled sludge volume. A 90.0% chromium removal was achieved under optimized conditions: electrolysis time of 59.7 min and current of 1.24 A (J = 6.32 mA cm−2). In addition, operating costs of 0.014 USD m−3, electrical energy consumption of 0.005 kWh m−3, and settled sludge volume of 445 mL L−1 were obtained.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Sayfa (başlangıç-bitiş)888-901
Sayfa sayısı14
DergiEnvironmental Technology (United Kingdom)
Hacim45
Basın numarası5
DOI'lar
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - 2024

Bibliyografik not

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Finansman

The support of the Research Vice-Chancellor of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences is wholeheartedly appreciated (IR.QUMS.REC.1400.122). Milad Mousazadeh is thankful to the Iran's National Elites Foundation (INEF) for granting the Elite Award, No. 15/11529. Miguel Angel Sandoval is grateful to Agencia Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo (ANID-FONDECYT, Chile) for granting the postdoctoral scholarship, No. 3200274.

FinansörlerFinansör numarası
ANID-FONDECYT3200274
Iran's National Elites Foundation15/11529
Agencia Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo

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