Rapid ground subsidence in the Küçük Menderes Graben (W. Turkey) captured by Sentinel-1 SAR data

Mumin Imamoglu*, Fusun Balik Sanli, Ziyadin Cakir, Fatih Kahraman

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3 Atıf (Scopus)


Over the past few decades, surface deformations have been observed and measured geodetically at many places all over the world, including Central and western Turkey. Surface deformations in some of these regions have been attributed to aseismic slip-on faults and/or to excessive pumping of groundwater. In this study, we present our investigation on the ground subsidence in Ödemiş town (W. Turkey) located in the Küçük (K.) Menderes Graben where one of the most severe and widespread surface fracturings has been reported. The entire graben is analyzed using the Sentinel-1 synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data with multi-temporal interferometric SAR techniques. A total of 342 single look complex products acquired in 2015–2018 are processed using the Small Baseline Subset method. Vertical mean velocity fields reveal that K. Menderes Graben is experiencing extensive subsidence at rates reaching as much as 29 cm/year, making it one of the fastest subsiding regions in the world. The spatial correlation between the subsiding regions and the unconsolidated sediments suggests that the subsidence is most probably due to over drafting of the groundwater, which is confirmed by the strong temporal correlation between displacement time series and groundwater level changes. Inelastic/elastic deformation ratios calculated for the entire graben suggest that inelastic deformation is the dominant component in the region, implying an irreversible deformation. Skeletal storage coefficients calculated at well locations also support the idea of inelastic deformation. However, severe inelasticity is not extensive, and the region may still recover from subsidence with correct groundwater management.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Makale numarası221
DergiEnvironmental Earth Sciences
Basın numarası7
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - Nis 2022

Bibliyografik not

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


This is a part of the Ph.D. dissertation of Mümin Imamoglu. We thank you for using the facilities of TUBITAK BİLGEM and Yıldız Technical University, and also we thank the Republic of Turkey Ministry of Interior Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency (AFAD) for providing the active faults and geological settings maps of the study region.

FinansörlerFinansör numarası
Yildiz Teknik Üniversitesi

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