Photophysicochemical, calf thymus DNA binding and in vitro photocytotoxicity properties of tetra-morpholinoethoxy-substituted phthalocyanines and their water-soluble quaternized derivatives

Halit Koçan, Kerem Kaya, İbrahim Özçeşmeci, B. Şebnem Sesalan, Meltem Göksel, Mahmut Durmuş, Ayfer Kalkan Burat*

*Bu çalışma için yazışmadan sorumlu yazar

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15 Atıf (Scopus)

Özet

Abstract: In this study, morpholinoethoxy-substituted metal-free (3), zinc(II) (4) and indium(III) (5) phthalocyanines were synthesized. These phthalocyanines were converted to their water-soluble quaternized derivatives (3Q–5Q) using excess methyl iodide as a quaternization agent. All these phthalocyanines (Pcs) were characterized by elemental analysis and different spectroscopic methods such as FT-IR, 1H NMR, UV–Vis and mass spectrometry. The photophysical and photochemical properties such as fluorescence and generation of singlet oxygen were investigated for determination of these phthalocyanines as photosensitizers in photodynamic therapy (PDT) applications. The binding properties of quaternized phthalocyanines (3Q–5Q) to calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) were investigated by UV–Vis and fluorescence spectrophotometric methods. The quenching effect of all quaternized phthalocyanines on the fluorescence intensity of SYBR Green–DNA complex was determined. The mixtures of 3Q, 4Q or 5Q and DNA solutions were used to determine the change in Tm of double helix DNA with thermal denaturation profile. In addition, thermodynamic parameters considering their aggregation in buffer solution, which shows the spontaneity of the reactions between DNA and quaternized Pcs were investigated. On the other hand, in vitro phototoxicity and cytotoxicity behavior of the quaternized water-soluble phthalocyanine photosensitizers (3Q–5Q) were tested against the cervical cancer cell line named HeLa for evaluation of their suitability for treatment of cancer by PDT method. Graphical abstract: Peripherally tetra-substituted neutral and quaternized metal-free and metallophthalocyanines (MPcs) (Zn, In) bearing morpholinoethoxy groups were prepared. The binding of quaternized compounds (3Q–5Q) to CT-DNA were examined using UV–Vis, fluorescence spectra, thermal denaturation profiles and KSV values. Besides, thermodynamic studies indicated that binding of 3Q–5Q to DNA was spontaneous. On the other hand, in vitro phototoxicity and cytotoxicity behavior of the quaternized water-soluble phthalocyanine photosensitizers (3Q–5Q) were tested against the cervical cancer cell line named HeLa for evaluation of their suitability for treatment of cancer by PDT method.[Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Sayfa (başlangıç-bitiş)1251-1266
Sayfa sayısı16
DergiJournal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry
Hacim22
Basın numarası8
DOI'lar
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - 1 Ara 2017

Bibliyografik not

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017, SBIC.

Finansman

Acknowledgements This work was supported by The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK, Project no: 115Z063) and The Research Fund of the Technical University of Istanbul.

FinansörlerFinansör numarası
Research Fund of the
SCIENTIFIC
TUBITAK115Z063
Technical University of Istanbul
The
and Technological Research Council of Turkey

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