Parametric study of exergetic sustainability performances of a high altitude long endurance unmanned air vehicle using hydrogen fuel

Nevzet Kaya*, Önder Turan, T. Hikmet Karakoç, Adnan Midilli

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16 Atıf (Scopus)


Exergetic sustainability performances such as, exergy efficiency, waste exergy ratio, environmental effect factor and exergetic sustainability index of a HALE UAV were investigated parametrically. The UAV and its high by-pass, mixed flow turbofan engine was supposed just to be switched from kerosene to hydrogen fuel without any other modification. The UAV's flight profile was assumed to take place in US Standard Atmosphere 1976, in between the altitudes from 0 to 16 km, where a relative humidity of 60% imposed. 13 different storage conditions were considered aiming to be as close as possible to current and potential hydrogen storage applications: the one being storage as a liquid at 20 K and 1 bar and the 12 others being storage as a gas at a temperature from a set of 35 K, 80 K, 125 K and ambient temperatures and under 3 different pressures from a set of 25 bar, 50 bar, 100 bar, 200 bar, 350 bar and 700 bar. Hydrogen storage capacity of the fuel system was considered to be 100% by mass, aiming to include all the results for any capacity. Variation of fuel's LHV, chemical and physical exergies, some critical engine performances and UAV flight performances with altitude or time are given as well, in order to interpret the variations of the exergetic sustainability performances. Best instant exergetic sustainability performances were obtained at the end of the climb phase having the maximum exergy efficiency as 0.3255 with 125 K, 100 bar storage, minimum waste exergy ratio as 0.3528 with 35 K, 100 bar storage, minimum environmental effect factor as 1.109, maximum exergetic sustainability index as 0.9016, the latter two being the same for all storage conditions. Cumulative values of the same parameters lag 15-30 h to reach their best values. Achieving the maximum mission altitude (16 km) with the considered UAV and its engine requires at least 27% hydrogen storage capacity by mass.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Sayfa (başlangıç-bitiş)8323-8336
Sayfa sayısı14
DergiInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Basın numarası19
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - 25 May 2016
Harici olarak yayınlandıEvet

Bibliyografik not

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC.


This study was supported by Anadolu University Scientific Research Projects Commission under grant no: 1001F14 .

FinansörlerFinansör numarası
Anadolu University Scientific Research Projects Commission1001F14

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