Nonlinear optical behavior and optical power limiting characteristics of peripheral symmetrical and non-symmetrical zinc phthalocyanines with nanosecond pulsed excitation

Murat Erdem*, Eda Korkmaz, Gülşen Kösoğlu, Erem Ahmetali, Nazli Farajzadeh, Gönül Eryürek, Makbule Burkut Koçak

*Bu çalışma için yazışmadan sorumlu yazar

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13 Atıf (Scopus)

Özet

In this study, the optical nonlinear absorption and optical limiting performances of symmetrical and non-symmetrical zinc phthalocyanines in tetrahydrofuran (THF) solution were conducted by the open aperture z-scanning technique. A new non-symmetrically substituted metallophthalocyanine, namely 2(3)-[(4-nitrophenyl)ethynyl]-{9(10),16(17),23(24)-tris-(3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenoxy)-phthalocyaninato}zinc(II) (1b), was synthesized and then characterized by applying different spectroscopic methods, such as FT-IR, 1H NMR and MALDI-TOF spectroscopy. According to the literature, {2(3),9(10),16(17),23(24)-tetrakis-(3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenoxy)-phthalocyaninato}zin(II) (1a), {2,3,9,10,16,17,23,24-octakis-(3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenoxy)-phthalocyaninato}zinc(II) (2a) and 2(3)-[(4-nitrophenyl)ethynyl]-{9,10,16,17,23,24-hexakis-(3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenoxy)-phthalocyaninato}zinc(II) (2b) were prepared. The effect of the symmetry and substituent's number on the nonlinear behavior was determined. A Nd:YAG laser, nanosecond pulsed at 532 nm, was used as the excitation source. The measurements of the input-output power and the nonlinear transmission properties were carried out for different excitation power values and different concentrations of the phthalocyanines in the THF solution. The nonlinear absorption coefficient of βand the imaginary part of the third order nonlinear susceptibility of the medium (X3) were found to be strongly dependent on the concentration. All the zinc phthalocyanine complexes showed good optical limiting performances, attributed to a reverse saturable absorption (RSA) process. The results indicate that the zinc phythcyanine complexes are promising candidates for optical limiting materials.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Makale numarası114975
DergiPolyhedron
Hacim195
DOI'lar
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - 1 Şub 2021

Bibliyografik not

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd

Finansman

This study was supported by TUBITAK (Turkish Research Council of Scientific and Technology; Project No.: 115R030 ), Scientific Research Projects Unit of the Marmara University (Project No.: FEN-E-090517-276 ) and the Scientific Research Office of Istanbul Technical University (Project No.: TDK-42066 ).

FinansörlerFinansör numarası
TUBITAK
Turkish Research Council of Scientific and Technology115R030
Istanbul Teknik ÜniversitesiTDK-42066
Marmara ÜniversitesiFEN-E-090517-276

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