Neurological effects of long-term diet on obese and overweight individuals: An electroencephalogram and event-related potential study

Muhammad Ammar Ali*, Süreyya Özöğür-Akyüz, Adil Deniz Duru*, Melisa Caliskan, Ceylan Demir, Tuğba Bostancı, Farouk Elsallak, Mohammad Shkokani, Zümray Dokur, Tamer Ölmez, Can Ergün, Nerses Bebek, Gizem Yilmaz

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1 Atıf (Scopus)

Özet

The rise of overweight and obesity across all age groups can be considered as an epidemic. A high body mass index not only has effects on longevity and quality of life of people who suffer from it but also has cognitive and neurological consequences. Executive function (EF)—or the neural regions that support it might act as causes of obesity. The aim of this study is to compare the differences between healthy and obese/overweight individuals and to understand how a prolonged diet of 2 months can affect EF event-related potential (ERP) components. Among the ERP metrics, N1, N2, and P3 are measured. Subjects underwent a diet program and their electroencephalogram was recorded every 4–6 weeks using a Stroop paradigm experiment. As the diet progressed, it was observed that perhaps more neural networks and executive control are engaged as the diet begins to take effect. Attention to nonfood increases and more control is exhibited when participants are presented with food images and food word stimuli. Increase in the N2 and P3 components highlight how the diet affects the brain during various stages of diet plans.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Sayfa (başlangıç-bitiş)1163-1182
Sayfa sayısı20
DergiComputational Intelligence
Hacim38
Basın numarası3
DOI'lar
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - Haz 2022

Bibliyografik not

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLC.

Finansman

information Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştirma Kurumu, 117E812This study is supported by The Scientific and Technological Research Council Of Turkey (TUBITAK) Project no:117E812. The study was approved by the ethical committee of Bahçeşehir University Medical Faculty. All participants have read and signed the informed consent forms. This study is supported by The Scientific and Technological Research Council Of Turkey (TUBITAK) Project no:117E812. The study was approved by the ethical committee of Bahçeşehir University Medical Faculty. All participants have read and signed the informed consent forms.

FinansörlerFinansör numarası
TUBITAK
Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştırma Kurumu:117E812
Bahçeşehir Üniversitesi

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