Late Quaternary glaciations in the eastern Mediterranean

Mehmet Akif Sarikaya*, Attila Çiner

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56 Atıf (Scopus)


Fourteen mountains in the eastern Mediterranean, between southern Turkey and Lebanon, are high enough to support Quaternary valley glaciers or ice caps. The timing of the glaciations has been established mainly by cosmogenic dating. We re-evaluated the dated sites and recalculated some of the published cosmogenic ages using up-to-date production rates. The oldest geochronological records reported from the region belong to glaciations before the globally defined Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). These glaciers probably developed during the beginning of the last glaciation (Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 4; around 71 ka) and stopped advancing at the end of MIS 3 (at 29-35 ka). Later, glaciers expanded and reached their most extensive positions during MIS 2 (after 29 ka). This locally occurred between 21.5 and 18.5 ka, which was synchronous with the global LGM. After the LGM, glaciers started to retreat to less extensive positions and deposited their moraines ∼16 ka during the late-glacial. Younger Dryas (∼12 ka) advances have also been reported from a few mountains. Rare early Holocene glaciations were dated to 8.5 ka in the interior regions. Late Holocene (1-4 ka) and Little Ice Age advances have also been observed on mountains higher than 3500 m.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Ana bilgisayar yayını başlığıGeological Society Special Publication
YayınlayanGeological Society of London
Sayfa sayısı17
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - 2017

Yayın serisi

AdıGeological Society Special Publication
ISSN (Basılı)0305-8719

Bibliyografik not

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 The Author(s). Published by The Geological Society of London.

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