Interval Type 2 Fuzzy Z-AHP and Interval Type 2 Fuzzy-Z WASPAS: Selection of Industry 4.0 Sub-Technologies

Onur Dogan*, Irem Ucal Sari, Basar Oztaysi

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Industry 4.0, indicated as the “Fourth Industrial Revolution”, has taken great attention in terms of the potential to reflect entire industries’ actions by transforming production to a fully automated and self-coordinated digital system. This transformation process necessitates a significant amount of investments and resources additionally, adaptation to the current operational technologies to new initiatives could be problematic. Besides that, companies have a limited budget to cope with the implementation costs of Industry 4.0 technologies. Thus, a systematic and extensive evaluation of the comparison between recent technologies and adaptable sub-technologies is required. This paper utilizes interval type 2 fuzzy z-scales in AHP and WASPAS methods to select one of the technology alternatives. Although there are many alternatives to Industry 4.0 sub-technologies, six of the most important are evaluated as alternatives according to related criteria. Alternatives are A1: Cloud-based ERP, A2: Real-time manufacturing tracking, A3: Robotic warehouse systems, A4: Virtualization in production environments, A5: Additive manufacturing for raw materials, and A6: Cyber security for safety manufacturing. Criteria are C1: Cost, C2: Risk level, C3: Resistance to change, C4: Complexity, C5: Effect on customer benefit. Under decision-makers’ evaluations, the results indicate that the most critical criterion is ‘Effect on customer benefit’. Decision-makers evaluate the six significant alternatives. It is hard to find essential options in practice. Therefore, ‘Virtualization in production environments’ and ‘Cloud-based ERP’ are the best two options, which have almost equal values.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Ana bilgisayar yayını başlığıStudies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing
YayınlayanSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Sayfa sayısı29
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - 2023

Yayın serisi

AdıStudies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing
ISSN (Basılı)1434-9922
ISSN (Elektronik)1860-0808

Bibliyografik not

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2023.

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