Genesis of the Halılar Metasediment-Hosted Cu-Pb (±Zn) Mineralization, NW Turkey: Evidence from Mineralogy, Alteration, and Sulfur Isotope Geochemistry

Demet Kiran Yildirim*

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Özet

This study contributes to our understanding of the evolution of Halılar Cu-Pb (±Zn) mineralization (NW Turkey) based on mineralogical and geochemical results and sulfur isotope data. The study area represents local Cu-Pb with some Zn brecciated-stockwork vein type mineralization along the NE–SW fault gouge zone at the lower boundary of the Sakarkaya and Düztarla granitoid rocks. Two main zones, consisting of sericite–quartz–chlorite ± kaolinite ± pyrite (i.e., zone-1) and calcite–epidote–albite ± chlorite ± sericite (i.e., zone-2), were observed within the central ore mineral zone at the mining site. Different mineralization assemblages were recorded; the main ore mineral contains chalcopyrite, galena, pyrite, and sphalerite within alteration zone-1, and the oxidation/supergene mineralization includes covellite and goethite. The mass balance calculations show that the samples of zone-1 show an increase in SiO2, Fe2O3, K2O, and LOI along with Ag, As, Cu, Mo, Pb, S, Sb, and Zn, reflecting high pyritization with sericitization and silicification. On the other hand, the samples from zone-2 are rich in CaO; Na2O; P2O5; TiO2; LOI; and carbon-reflecting calcite, epidote, and albite alterations. A uniform magmatic sulfur source of Halılar sulfides is suggested by their mean δ34S value of −1.62‰. Furthermore, the primary metal source is metasediments and intrusive Düztarla granitoid magmatism. These observations suggest that the Halılar metasediment-hosted Cu-Pb (±Zn) mineralization was formed by epigenetic hydrothermal processes after sedimentation/diagenesis and metamorphism.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Makale numarası991
DergiMinerals
Hacim12
Basın numarası8
DOI'lar
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - Ağu 2022

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the author.

Finansman

This work was supported by the BAP Project (No. 37872) of Istanbul Technical University (ITU, Turkey).

FinansörlerFinansör numarası
Istanbul Teknik Üniversitesi

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