Exploring usability tests to evaluate designers’ interaction with mobile augmented reality application for conceptual architectural design

Mahmut Çağdaş Durmazoğlu, Leman Figen Gül

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Architectural design could be defined as a process in which the information about various aspects of a design object is produced at different stages, then shared between relevant stakeholders. For the early stages of the architectural design, in order to carry out an efficient and productive design process, and create comprehensive solutions to design problems, novel digital tools have to be developed. Digital become omnipresent in the contemporary architectural practice. Even though very complex design ideas could not be realized without the help of the Computer-aided Design (CAD) tools, some may argue that the idea generation is hindered by the employment of them during the early phases. With the idea of containing the essence of analogue tools, we propose an Augmented Reality (AR) application for architects to explore 3D mass geometries in a similar immediacy and ease of designing with a pen-paper. In this paper, we present and discus the validity of two chosen usability scales System Usability Scale (SUS) and Handheld Augmented Reality Usability Scale (HARUS) measuring comprehensibility of the developed AR application (MimAR). The results of the preliminary study shows that the chosen measurement methods provide a similar tendency of scores. The findings of this study suggests that the comprehensibility of the MimAR application still needs improvement, and yet the usability of the application could be considered above the acceptable threshold.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Sayfa (başlangıç-bitiş)225-242
Sayfa sayısı18
DergiA|Z ITU Journal of Faculty of Architecture
Basın numarası1
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - 2022

Bibliyografik not

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, Istanbul Teknik Universitesi, Faculty of Architecture. All Rights Reserved.


This research is part of a PhD study by the fi st author at the Istanbul Technical University, Institute of Science and Technology, Department of Informatics, Architectural Design Computing Graduate Program. The authors would like to thank Dr. Sema Alaçam, Dr. Ethem Gürer and Dr. Elif Sezen Yağmur Kilimci for the access they provided for the experimental studies and the Class of Fall 2018-2019 Architectural Project 1 students from Istanbul Technical University Faculty of Architecture, Department of Architecture, for their participation in this study.

FinansörlerFinansör numarası
Department of Architecture
Istanbul Technical University Faculty of Architecture

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