Effects of donor position and multiple charge transfer pathways in asymmetric pyridyl-sulfonyl TADF emitters

Gulcin Haykir, Murat Aydemir*, Adem Tekin, Emine Tekin, Andrew Danos, Fatma Yuksel, Gurkan Hizal, Andrew P. Monkman, Figen Turksoy*

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Özet

We have designed and synthesized a pair of highly asymmetric D-aA-D′ type pyridyl-sulfonyl based isomers comprising phenothiazine (PTZ) and carbazole (Cz) donor units, which are able to emit thermally activated delayed fluorescence. PTZ-pS4-Py-2Cz and PTZ-mS4-Py-2Cz both possess spatial separation of HOMO/LUMO on the donor and acceptor moieties, resulting in small calculated singlet–triplet energy gaps (~0.25 eV). Both isomers exhibit dual emission, which is attributed to charge transfer states associated with the Cz and PTZ moieties at higher and lower energies, respectively. Photoluminescence quantum yields and time-resolved emission decays show significant differences for the two isomers, with the para- isomer exhibiting more efficient emission and stronger delayed fluorescence than the meta- isomer – in strong contrast to recently reported analogous Cz-Cz D-aA-D isomers. The findings clearly show that the interconversion of triplets via the rISC mechanism is promoted when parallel Cz and PTZ charge transfer states are allowed to interact, explaining the improved performance of the Cz-PTZ materials compared to the previous Cz-Cz ones. Finally, moderate device performance was achieved in warm-yellowish (CIE; 0.41; 0.53 & 0.49; 0.48) non-doped OLEDs, which exhibited 0.5% & 1.9% maximum external quantum efficiencies for the meta- and para- isomers, respectively.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Makale numarası103550
DergiMaterials Today Communications
Hacim31
DOI'lar
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - Haz 2022

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd

Finansman

The authors would like thank the Turkish State Planning Association for financial support.

FinansörlerFinansör numarası
Turkish State Planning Association

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