Development of hydrogen reduction method for La–Fe–Si materials from oxalate precursors

Semih Ates, Oznur Karaagac, Hakan Köçkar, Sebahattin Gürmen*

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Özet

Hydrogen reduction was used to synthesise LaFeSi-based materials from lanthanum, cerium, iron oxalates, and silicon dioxide. The process involved the pre-reduction of the precursor powder mixture at 650°C under N2 for 1 h, followed by a full reduction under H2 for 2 h at 900°C. The predominant phases in the synthesised materials were a-Fe, lanthanum, cerium, and silicon oxides. A decrease in the La/Ce ratio in the main composition resulted in an increase in the a-Fe phase. The rest of the non-oxidized materials showed an Fm-3 m structure. Both XRD and EDS analyses indicated the presence of metal/oxide composite structure in the synthesised materials. The oxide morphology observed in SEM images exhibited a porous media. The room temperature VSM analysis showed that x = 0.3 product had the highest coercivity as 26 Oe and the lowest saturation magnetisation as 106.3 emu/g.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
DergiCanadian Metallurgical Quarterly
DOI'lar
Yayın durumuKabul Edilmiş/Basında - 2023

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum.

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