Designing regional joint prevention and control schemes of PM2.5 based on source apportionment of chemical transport model: A case study of a heavy pollution episode

Yangjun Wang, Miao Ning, Qingfang Su, Lijuan Wang*, Sen Jiang, Yueyi Feng, Weiling Wu, Qian Tang, Shiyu Hou, Jinting Bian, Ling Huang, Guibin Lu, Kasemsan Manomaiphiboon, Burcak Kaynak, Kun Zhang, Hui Chen, Li Li*

*Bu çalışma için yazışmadan sorumlu yazar

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Özet

Fine particular matter (PM2.5) pollution still occurs frequently in China. Despite recognizing the importance of regional joint prevention and control (RJPC) for mitigating haze pollution, there is still a limited understanding of scheme design and effectiveness. In this study, with the Fenhe Plain in China serving as the case, the Integrated Source Apportionment Method (ISAM), incorporated into the Community Multiscale Air Quality Modeling System (CMAQ), was used to quantitively identify PM2.5 sources during a typical heavy pollution episode from Jan. 20th to 25th, 2021. Informed by source apportionment, we designed and assessed multiple RJPC scenarios for eliminating heavy pollution, yielding recommended RJPC schemes. Source apportionment results revealed a substantial increase in the contribution percentage of regions within a 350-km radius during the pollution episode compared to the non-polluted period. Sulfate was predominantly contributed from long-distance transport, whereas nitrate was chiefly contributed from closer regions. Ammonium exhibited higher local contributions than nitrate from the Fenhe Plain. Moreover, Taiyuan and Linfen were identified as PM2.5 exporters, whereas Sanmenxia, Jinzhong, and Luliang served as PM2.5 importers, and Yuncheng acted as a comprehensive city. The proposed specific RJPC schemes aimed at eliminating heavy pollution for the Fenhe Plain emphasized the importance of controlling emissions of particulate matter, ammonia, nitrogen oxides, and volatile organic compounds in areas within an approximate 350-km radius outside the Fenhe Plain, in addition to strengthening the local emission control. Nevertheless, only through the comprehensive and in-depth implementation of emission control measures across a larger area can PM2.5 compliance be achieved.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Makale numarası142313
DergiJournal of Cleaner Production
Hacim455
DOI'lar
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - 25 May 2024

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