Chemical and mineralogical characterization of late chalcolithic pottery (ca. 3700–3300 BCE) from southwest Anatolia (Türkiye)

Gonca Dardeniz*, Zeynep Tok, Tutku Tuncalı Yaman, Bülent Arıkan

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Özet

This paper presents the results of chemical and petrographic investigations on the late chalcolithic (ca. 3700–3300 BCE) pottery from the Burdur Lake region in southwest Anatolia (Türkiye). Twenty-one ceramic sherds and a clay lump from four different levels of the late chalcolithic site of Kuruçay Höyük (Burdur) were examined with thin section petrography, XRF, and XRD to illuminate the element and mineral compositions of the ceramics. The chemical compositions and their statistical evaluation demonstrate the continuous use of at least two local clay sources within each different phase of the late chalcolithic. While sources stay the same, petrographic thin section analysis implies a change in the clay preparation techniques. This is visible via the homogeneity of the clay matrix and the existence of shell and lithic inclusions in the paste. About the end of the late chalcolithic period, clay preparation appears to be enhanced conceivably with the changing technological setting of the period toward the early bronze age.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Makale numarası104304
DergiJournal of Archaeological Science: Reports
Hacim53
DOI'lar
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - Şub 2024

Bibliyografik not

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd

Finansman

The authors thank The Ministry of Culture and Tourism and the General Directorate for Cultural Assets and Museums of Türkiye for providing the necessary permits to conduct the analysis of the project entitled “The Political Economy of the Burdur Lake District between 3700/3600–2400/2300 BC: Dis(continuity), Interaction, and Change” funded by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Türkiye (TUBITAK) with the project number 121 K358. Professor Gülsün Umurtak (Istanbul University) acts as the advisor of the project. We also thank her for reading and commenting on the earlier versions of the manuscript. We extend our gratitude to Professor Refik Duru for the excavations in Kuruçay Höyük and his support of the project. Thanks are to Emin Çiftçi for his collaboration with the thin section petrography and XRD analysis. Part of this work was supported by the Research Fund of the Istanbul Technical University (BAP) project number SGA-2020-42540 . This study was also partially funded by the Scientific Research Projects Coordination Unit of Istanbul University, project number: 39990 , entitled “Technological Reflections of Socio-Political Structuring in the Early Bronze Age Anatolia” . This project is funded by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Türkiye (TUBITAK), project number: 121K358.

FinansörlerFinansör numarası
Istanbul Üniversitesi
Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism
Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştırma Kurumu121K358
Istanbul Teknik Üniversitesi
Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Birimi, İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi39990, SGA-2020-42540

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