Calibrating the building energy model with the short term monitored data: A case study of a large-scale residential building

Faith Tüysüz, Hatice Sözer*

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18 Atıf (Scopus)

Özet

The calibration process has an excellent advantage, especially for large-scale projects that manage the potentially complex energy performances of various building systems. It also provides great advantages when the annual real-time measurements are not available since the created model can be calibrated with short-term measurements to obtain an accurate annual energy performance. This paper presents a methodology for creating an energy performance model based on a calibration process of a large-scale residential building incorporating heating and cooling energy consumptions. The main purpose is to calibrate the building energy model by utilizing mean bias error (MBE) and coefficient of variation of root-mean-squared error (CVRMSE) indices and obtain the annual building-energy performance with enhanced accuracy. Furthermore, two novel approaches were developed. The first is to provide accurate weather data in the absence of real weather data by taking advantage of available data for heating degree days (HDDs) and cooling degree days (CDDs). The second is to provide accuracy on the collected data of measurements by taking advantage of the predicted data of short term measurements. A methodology is evolved to calibrate the building model by using real-time short-term monitored data from the building. The methodology consists of four main steps and further sub-steps. Modeling, the first step, covers the collection of input data and the development of the model stages. Measurements, the second step, covers the process of data collection for calibration. Improvements for calibration represent the third step, where different versions of the model are developed by changing the input parameters of the model within the defined ranges of variation (ROV). Then, the results of the obtained versions are compared with the real-time measurements, and MBE and CVRMSE values for each version calculated to examine the model's accuracy. Finally, when the model is considered as calibrated, the simulation is run to obtain the annual energy performance of the building for better precision. The results in the model run here show the monthly MBE and CVRMSE values for the initial version to be 15.12% and 17.19%, respectively. After applied strategies, these values are improved according to the calibration criteria defined by ASHRAE to −2.76% and 8.40% respectively, which is considered as calibrated. Overall, it is usually hard and costly to track the real-time energy consumptions of buildings for a long period. Annual building energy consumptions can be obtained accurately by calibrating the building model with the short-term measurements. An accurate model gives the opportunity to trial the performance of each building system.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Makale numarası110207
DergiEnergy and Buildings
Hacim224
DOI'lar
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - 1 Eki 2020

Bibliyografik not

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.

Finansman

This research has been supported by the European Union project “Residential Renovation towards nearly zero energy CITIES” (R2CITIES) Grant Agreement No 314473 [28] .

FinansörlerFinansör numarası
Residential Renovation towards nearly zero energy CITIES
European Commission314473

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