Biomechanical comparison of oblique and step-cut osteotomies used in total hip arthroplasty with femoral shortening

Fatih Yıldız*, Önder Kılıçoğlu, Göksel Dikmen, Ergun Bozdağ, Emin Sünbüloğlu, Meral Tuna

*Bu çalışma için yazışmadan sorumlu yazar

Araştırma sonucu: ???type-name???Makalebilirkişi

1 Atıf (Scopus)

Özet

Background Various types of shortening osteotomies and prosthesis are used for femoral reconstruction in total hip arthroplasty of the high hip dislocation. This biomechanical study investigates whether step-cut osteotomies result in better stability than oblique osteotomies and cylindrical femoral stems enhance stability of the osteotomy more than conical stems, and which osteotomy and prosthesis type maintain the stability better after cyclical loading. Methods Oblique and step-cut shortening osteotomies were compared under axial and rotational forces, using synthetic femur models and conical or cylindrical femoral prostheses. The models underwent cyclic loading for 10,000 cycles at 3 Hz (100–1000 N axial bending or 0.5–10 Nm torque). After the completion of cyclic loading, the models were loaded until failure. Stiffness values before and after cyclical loading, and failure loads were the outcome parameters. Relative displacements at the osteotomy sites were also measured using 3-Dimensions Digital Imaging Correlation System. Results The mean failure load was significantly higher in conical prosthesis groups under axial forces. In torsion tests, the mean stiffness of conical prosthesis groups after cyclical loading was higher in oblique osteotomies. The other parameters were similar between the groups. Conclusions According to the results of the study, although some individual statistically significant parameters were obtained, step-cut osteotomies, which are technically challenging procedures, were not found biomechanically superior to oblique osteotomies, with neither conical nor cylindrical prostheses.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Sayfa (başlangıç-bitiş)640-646
Sayfa sayısı7
DergiJournal of Orthopaedic Science
Hacim21
Basın numarası5
DOI'lar
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - 1 Eyl 2016

Bibliyografik not

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 The Japanese Orthopaedic Association

Parmak izi

Biomechanical comparison of oblique and step-cut osteotomies used in total hip arthroplasty with femoral shortening' araştırma başlıklarına git. Birlikte benzersiz bir parmak izi oluştururlar.

Alıntı Yap