Biaxial fatigue failure of short glass fiber reinforced polyamide 6,6: An in-depth investigation of stiffness drop and microstructural evolution

Alaeddin Burak Irez*

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Özet

In the automotive industry, short glass fiber-reinforced thermoplastics are widely used under the hood and subjected to dynamic vibrations of the engine in multiple directions resulting in fatigue failure. Under fatigue loading, a significant portion of the strain energy is stored within the material, while the remaining portion is lost due to internal frictions and the damage occurrence. Internal friction results in heat generation, which in turn causes an increase in external temperature. This increase in temperature leads to thermal degradation of the polymer. Investigations on the cause of the stiffness drop are not widely available in the literature. Therefore, this study explores the source of the stiffness drop under biaxial fatigue loading of a polyamide 6,6 reinforced with 30 wt. % short glass fibers (PA66GF30) and distinguishes the contributions of thermal degradation and damage accumulation. The thermal evolution of the specimens was captured by means of thermography. In addition, the digital image correlation (DIC) technique was used to measure the in situ strain field during the fatigue. Despite the temperature stabilization being observed around the 10,000th cycle, the reduction in the stiffness continued until failure which was attributed to the mechanical damage accumulation and cyclic creep during the fatigue tests. Dynamic mechanical analyses (DMA) were carried out to quantify the stiffness drop with the varying temperature. From the results, it is seen that the damage accumulation and cyclic creep during the fatigue tests were responsible for the major part of the stiffness drop. Finally, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) inspection of the fracture surface was performed to identify fatigue damage mechanisms. Four unique features associated with the fatigue damage were identified: (1) debonding of fibers from the matrix, (2) polymer matrix crazing, and (3) cavitation and porosities, (4) pull out fiber ends and break on the fiber.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
DergiJournal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials
DOI'lar
Yayın durumuKabul Edilmiş/Basında - 2024

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© The Author(s) 2024.

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