An investigation of the effects of sand and dust storms in the North East Sahara Desert on Turkish airports and PM10 values: 7 and 8 April, 2013 events

Enes Birinci*, Emrah Tuncay Özdemir, Ali Deniz

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Between April 7 and April 10, 2013, a cyclone with a value of 995 hPa that developed in the central Mediterranean transported dust from the Sahara Desert towards Turkey. At 13 airports in Turkey, dust haze and widespread dust were seen during different occasions in this period and caused the observation of so-called “Blowing dust events.” This cyclone blew dust towards the Cappadocia airport, and the prevailing visibility decreased to 3800 m, making it the lowest value measured during the transition of this cyclone. In this study, Aviation Routine Weather Report (Metar) and Aviation Selected Special Weather Report (Speci) observations of airports in North Africa and Turkey were evaluated for the period between April 3 and April 11, 2013. With this cyclone the prevailing visibility at Benina Airport in Libya decreased to 50 m on April 6, 2013. This study aims to evaluate long-distance dust transport’s effects on meteorological visibility at airports in Turkey and examine the episodic changes of PM10 values measured by air quality monitoring stations. Hybrid Single Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory (HYSPLIT) model outputs were used to determine the trajectories of long-distance dust particles. Powder red, green, and blue (RGB) and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) satellite images, Cloud–Aerosol LIDAR Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) images, the Barcelona Supercomputing Center-Dust Regional Atmosphere Model (BSC-DREAM8b) outputs, and Global Forecast System (GFS) synoptic maps were used for analysis. In addition, PM10 values obtained from air quality monitoring stations were examined. According to the data obtained from the CALIPSO images, the dust concentration on the Eastern Mediterranean reaches up to 5 km. The episodic values obtained from certain air quality measurement stations are Adana 701, Gaziantep 629, Karaman 900, Nevşehir 1343, and Yozgat 782 µg/m3 on an hourly average.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Makale numarası708
DergiEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
Basın numarası6
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - Haz 2023

Bibliyografik not

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.


The authors are thankful to the Environmental Ministry of Türkiye for providing air quality data, TSMS for meteorological data, and Mr. Ali Osman ÇEKER for providing visualization. This study was briefly published in OSTIV Met Panel 2015 (Özdemir and Deniz, 2015). Also, we thank the editor and reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions.

FinansörlerFinansör numarası
Environmental Ministry of Türkiye

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