An Experimental Investigation of Reaeration and Energy Dissipation in Hydraulic Jump

Serhat Kucukali*, Sevket Cokgor

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Özet

A hydraulic jump is characterized by a highly turbulent flow with macro-scale vortices and some kinetic energy dissipation. Reaeration is defined as the transfer of oxygen from air towards water. Aeration performance of a classical hydraulic jump has been investigated by means of energy dissipation in a 0.5 m wide flume with upstream Froude and Reynolds numbers ranging from 2.3 to 6.4 and 1.4 to 5.4 × 104, respectively. Dissolved Oxygen (DO) measurements were conducted simultaneously upstream and downstream of the hydraulic jump with a manual oxygen meters. A strong correlation was found between the reaeration and energy dissipation rate indicating the macro turbulence dominant role in the process. In addition, the turbulence quantities were collected by an Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter (ADV) at low Froude numbers. Turbulent kinetic energy and Reynolds shear stress took their maximum values at the toe of the jump and exhibited a longitudinal decay. We related macro-scale turbulent length scale with upstream flow depth. The average energy dissipation rate has been correlated with the 1.5 power of the maximum turbulent kinetic energy in a dimensionally homogeneous form.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Ana bilgisayar yayını başlığıGeoPlanet
Ana bilgisayar yayını alt yazısıEarth and Planetary Sciences
YayınlayanSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Sayfalar127-136
Sayfa sayısı10
DOI'lar
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - 2020

Yayın serisi

AdıGeoPlanet: Earth and Planetary Sciences
ISSN (Basılı)2190-5193
ISSN (Elektronik)2190-5207

Bibliyografik not

Publisher Copyright:
© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020.

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