After İstanbul Hilton: Turkey’s local-global dichotomy in the 1950s interiors of Divan Hotel and Çınar Hotel

Hande Atmaca Çetin, Funda Uz, Zeynep Tuna Ultav

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Özet

This study analyzes the socio-spatial qualities of hotel interiors built in Turkey after the opening of the İstanbul Hilton Hotel in 1955. It aims to reveal the construction of the modern interior in Turkey and its effects on social life at the Divan Hotel (1956) and Çınar Hotel (1958), which were Turkey’s first modern hotels built with local capital and local architects. As Turkey’s first modern hotel, İstanbul Hilton was regarded as a model for subsequent tourism buildings. Çınar and Divan Hotels hotels were usually compared with the Hilton’s aesthetics, and seen as reminiscent of the Hilton, particularly the outer shell and building formation. However, their interiors have been completely overlooked. This is an important omission, because, contrary to its modernist outer shell, the İstanbul Hilton Hotel interiors were designed with a contrasting orientalist approach. This study therefore investigates how this dichotomy influenced the interiors of the Divan Çınar Hotels. Drawing on the theory of transculturation by Ortiz, this study challenges the view that these hotels were mere host sites, embodying and copying modern architecture without any filtering. A complete interior atmosphere was analyzed in terms of the hotels’ materiality, such as furniture and art objects, but moreover, the social meaning of the space and transformation of social habits are examined to discuss local-global dichotomies. Information for the analysis was gathered through a literature review, observations, and an analysis of images obtained from personal archives and databases. This data was supported with oral interviews with architects, interior designers, craftsmen, tourism professionals, and contemporary witnesses. The findings show that the Divan Hotel and Çınar Hotel were both spatially and socially influenced by the İstanbul Hilton Hotel. However, they also sought a modernity of their own by carefully selecting and blending western influences, both spatially and socially. Most importantly, since the Divan Çınar Hotels refrained from the image difference between the “modern” and connotations of the “orient,” these spaces can be read as interpretations of an internalized modernity.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
Sayfa (başlangıç-bitiş)19-49
Sayfa sayısı31
DergiInteriors: Design, Architecture, Culture
Hacim12
Basın numarası1
DOI'lar
Yayın durumuYayınlandı - 2022
Harici olarak yayınlandıEvet

Bibliyografik not

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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