A Comprehensive Study on Methane Adsorption Capacities and Pore Characteristics of Coal Seams: Implications for Efficient Coalbed Methane Development in the Soma Basin, Türkiye

Olgun Esen*, Abdullah Fişne*

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Özet

Abstract: This study represents a comprehensive assessment of methane adsorption capacity and pore characteristics for the coal seams of the Soma Basin in Western Türkiye, with a focus on their implications for coalbed methane potential. Twenty-one exploration wells were utilized to obtain coal samples from the kP1 and kM2 coal seams in the Kınık coalfield of the Soma Basin. High-pressure methane adsorption experiments using the indirect gravimetric method were conducted to quantify the storage capacities of these coal seams. Results revealed a wide range of methane adsorption capacities, ranging from 10.5 to 28.3 m3/t (air-dry basis), indicating significant methane storage potential for the kP1 and kM2 coal seams. The gas contents, ranging from 1.1 to 4.3 m3/t (as-received basis), suggested that the coal seams were undersaturated. Low-pressure N2/CO2 adsorption tests, along with standard proximate and gross calorific value analyses, were performed to investigate the influence of coal quality and pore characteristics on methane adsorption capacities. The findings demonstrated correlations between coal quality parameters and adsorption capacity, with ash yield showing a moderately negative correlation and fixed carbon content and gross calorific values exhibiting moderately positive correlations. Microporosity was identified as the critical factor governing methane adsorption, with a strong positive correlation observed between micropore surface areas and volumes and adsorption capacity. These results highlight the significant methane storage capacities of the coal seams in the Soma Basin and underscore the importance of micropores in determining methane adsorption capacity. The findings provide valuable insights for optimizing methane extraction and utilization in the region and offer important considerations for reservoir characterization and development strategies in similar low-rank coal deposits. Highlights: Extensive evaluation of methane adsorption and pore characteristics in Soma Basin coals, uncovering substantial potential for coalbed methane. The study reveals a diverse range of methane adsorption capacities, indicating highly promising methane storage capabilities. Correlation between coal quality parameters and methane adsorption, offering valuable insights into gas storage influenced by coal composition. Emphasis on the crucial role of micropores in methane storage, underscoring their significance as primary adsorption sites. Practical implications for optimizing methane extraction and utilization, guiding reservoir development in low-rank coal deposits like Soma Basin.

Orijinal dilİngilizce
DergiRock Mechanics and Rock Engineering
DOI'lar
Yayın durumuKabul Edilmiş/Basında - 2024

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