Wind and solar energy potential in Herkalou and Lake Assal locations, Djibouti

Abdoulkader Ibrahim Idriss*, Ramadan Ali Ahmed, Abdou Idris Omar, Hamda Abdi Atteyeh, Mohamed Houmed Ibrahim, Tahir Cetin Akinci

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The absence of meteorological data to identify the energy resources and the available energy potential represented a major obstacle in some areas in Djibouti. To solve this data problem, in this paper, wind and solar potential were assessed by collecting daily and monthly wind and solar data for the period from 1 January to 31 December 2020, for Herkalou and Lake Assal site. This study highlights that the wind resources in the Lake Assal location are falling into class 7 with high wind speed value of 16 m.s-1 and the wind energy reaching1700 kWh/m2 at 100 m height above ground level. While the Herkalou site shows a lower potential with value of 7.5 m.s-1 and 160 kWh/m2. The solar potential shows a similar distribution and a constantly high level of solar radiation throughout the year, with the monthly maximum global radiation peaks of around 900 W/m² between 11.00 and 14.00 pm for both sites. The highest monthly average of global solar irradiation values was 5.29 kWh/m2 day-1 and 6.90 kWh/m2 day-1 in March for Herkalou and Lake Assal, respectively. Results obtained in this study are favorable to deploying the solar and wind technologies for the studied sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-470
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Power Electronics and Drive Systems
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science. All rights reserved.


This study is financially supported by Université de Djibouti. The researchers are thankful to the National Meteorological Agency of Djibouti, for providing the meteorological data used in this research. Abdoulkader Ibrahim Idriss is Assistant Professor at Faculty of Electrical and Energy Engineering, Université de Djibouti, Djibouti. He Holds a PhD degree in Photonic Engineering in France (Université de Franche-Comté, Besançon) with specialization in Optical nano-antennas for the inspection of photonic structures. His research areas are materials, photonic, nanomaterials for renewable energy. He is dean of the Faculty of Engineering. He was also the Director of the Logistic and Transport Centre (Centre of Excellence), financed by the World Bank, from 2019 to December 2021.He is currently a professor with the department of Electrical engineering. He is also Guest Editor of the Special Issue Big Data in Renewable Energy for Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews published by Elseviers Ltd. He can be contacted at email: [email protected].

FundersFunder number
National Meteorological Agency of Djibouti
Université de Djibouti
World Bank Group


    • Assessment
    • Djibouti
    • Hot climate
    • Solar radiation
    • Wind speed


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