Unconventional pairings and radial line nodes in inversion symmetry broken superconductors

T. Hakioğlu*, Mehmet Günay

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Noncentrosymmetric superconductors (NCSs) with broken inversion symmetry can have spin-dependent order parameters (OPs) with mixed parity which can also have nodes in the pair potential as well as the energy spectra. These nodes are distinct features that are not present in conventional superconductors. They appear as points or lines in the momentum space where the latter can have angular or radial geometries dictated by the dimensionality, the lattice structure and the pairing interaction. In this work we study the nodes in time reversal symmetry (TRS) preserving NCSs at the OP, the pair potential, and the energy spectrum levels. Nodes are examined by using spin independent pairing interactions respecting the rotational C∞v symmetry in the presence of spin-orbit coupling (SOC). The pairing symmetries and the nodal topology are affected by the relative strength of the pairing channels which is studied for the mixed singlet-triplet, pure singlet, and pure triplet. Complementary to the angular line nodes widely present in the literature, the C∞v symmetry here allows radial line nodes (RLNs) due to the nonlinear momentum dependence in the OPs. The topology of the RLNs in the mixed case shows a distinctly different characterization than the half-spin quantum vortex at the Dirac point. We apply this NCS physics to the inversion symmetry broken exciton condensates (ECs) in double quantum wells where the point and the RLNs can be found. On the other hand, for a pure triplet condensate, two fully gapped and topologically distinct regimes exist, separated by a QSHI-like zero energy superconducting state with even number of Majorana modes. We also remark on how the point and the RLNs can be manipulated, enabling an external control on the topology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-55
Number of pages8
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its Applications
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.


  • Non-centrosymmetric superconductivity
  • Spin-orbit coupling,
  • Topological superconductivity


Dive into the research topics of 'Unconventional pairings and radial line nodes in inversion symmetry broken superconductors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this