Ultrapotassic Volcanism from the Waning Stage of the Neotethyan Subduction: A Key Study from the Izmir-Ankara-Erzincan Suture Belt, Central Northern Turkey

Fatma Gülmez*, Can Genç, Dejan Prelević, Okan Tüysüz, Zekiye Karacik, Michael F. Roden, Zeki Billor

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


Upper Cretaceous volcano-sedimentary successions in the Central Pontides of Turkey, related to the closure of the Tethys Ocean, include a variety of alkaline ultrapotassic igneous rocks that have been classified as leucititic, lamprophyric and trachytic based on their mineral paragenesis. Although the ultrapotassic rocks display a range of K2O contents (0.9-8.4 wt %) that may partly reflect alteration processes, they display subduction-related trace element signatures characterized by significant enrichment of large ion lithophile elements and light rare earth elements relative to high field strength elements and heavy rare earth elements and depletion of Nb and Ta. However, their initial Nd-Sr isotope compositions plot within the mantle array. The nature of the mantle source of their parental magmas is inferred to be highly complex, involving contributions from several different components based on contrasting geochemical and isotopic features: (1) a depleted mantle source, which is indicated by unradiogenic 87Sr/86Sri (0.70449-0.70609) and radiogenic 143Nd/144Ndi (0.51252-0.51269); (2) an obvious requirement of mantle phlogopite to explain the high potassium contents; (3) slabderived fluids, which are indicated by ultra-low δ18Ocpx ratios regardless of the ultrapotassic rock type (2.4-5‰), with high Ba/La and Nb/Ta, low Th/La and the most radiogenic 143Nd/144Ndi; (4) a contribution from subducted sediments giving rise to low Ce/Pb ratios and high Th contents; (5) the introduction of convective mantle into the source region with an asthenospheric Pb isotope signature. Whereas the differentiation of silica-undersaturated leucititic and lamprophyric magmas was driven by heteromorphic reactions, owing to the absence of major and trace element variations between the resultant rock types, the formation of silica-saturated trachytic rocks was the result of assimilation- fractional crystallization processes. We propose that a complex sequence of subduction events, starting from at least the Middle Triassic, caused metasomatism of the depleted mantle source and the generation of the Late Cretaceous ultrapotassic parental magmas, facilitated by slab roll-back followed by slab tearing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-593
Number of pages33
JournalJournal of Petrology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author 2016.


  • Mantle metasomatism
  • Pontides
  • Subduction zone
  • Turkey
  • Ultrapotassic magmatism


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