Turkey OpenStreetMap Dataset - Spatial Analysis of Development and Growth Proxies

Mohammed Zia*, Ziyadin Cakir, Dursun Zafer Seker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Number of studies covering major data aspects of OpenStreetMap (OSM) for developed cities and countries are available in scientific literature. However, this is not the case for developing ones mainly because of low data availability in OSM. This study presents a time-series spatial analysis of Turkey OSM dataset, a developing country, between the year 2007 and 2015 to understand how the dataset has developed with time and space. Five different socio-economic factors of the region are tested to find their relationship, if any, with dataset growth. An east-west spatial trend in data density is observed within the country. Population Density and Literacy Level of the region are found be the factors controlling it. It has also been observed that the street network of the region has followed the Exploration and Densification evolutionary model. High participation inequality is found within the OSM mappers, with only 5 of them responsible for the country's 50% geo-data upload. Furthermore, it is found that these mappers use other Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) and government open-dataset to feed into OSM. This study is believed to bring some high level insights of OSM for a developing country which would be useful for geographers, open-data policy makers, VGI projects planners and data-curators to structure and deploy similar future projects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-151
Number of pages12
JournalOpen Geosciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Mohammed Zia et al., published by De Gruyter.


Acknowledgement: The research presented in this article is primarily funded by The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey under the 2215 - Graduate Scholarship Programme for International Students (TUBITAK, URL: https://www.tubitak.gov.tr/en). We also acknowledge financial support by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft within the funding programme Open Access Publishing, by the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts and by Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg.

FundersFunder number
Baden-Württemberg Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
Universität Heidelberg
Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştirma Kurumu


    • Exploration and Densification
    • OpenStreetMap
    • socioeconomic factors
    • spatial development


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