The use of well-aligned composite nanorod arrays as anode material for lithium rechargeable batteries

B. D. Polat, O. Keles*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relations between the morphology and electrochemical performance of the thin film anodes made of copper and silicon are investigated. A well-aligned nanorods containing composite thin film and a composite thin film with no alignment in its structure are fabricated by electron beam deposition. Galvanostatic half-cell measurements show that the well-aligned anode exhibits a longer cycle life with a moderate capacity due the particularities in its composition, structure and morphology: Cu in the films buffers the mechanical stress occurred during lithiation and the existence of amorphous and nano-sized particles enhances cycleability. Moreover, the nanorods formation in the thin film increases the contact area of the anode with Li and decreases the polarization on the electrode surface. Plus, the homogenously distributed nano-sized interspaces among these nanorods enhance the mechanical tolerance of the electrode against volumetric changes. In this work, the electrodilatometric analysis is also accomplished to measure the volumetric changes occurred upon cycling of the well-aligned nanorods containing thin film anode, and the difference in the electrochemical performances of the composite films resulting from different substrate position versus crucible is evaluated based on the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis on the cycled samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-364
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume266
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2014

Keywords

  • Composite thin film
  • Lithium ion battery
  • Nanorod
  • Oblique angle deposition

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