The review of strut and tie models suggested for exterior beam column connections

P. G. Bakir*, H. M. Boduroǧlu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Strut and Tie Models are widely recommended today in the design of the so called "D" regions as a practicable alternative to linear and nonlinear finite element models. This paper reviews the strut and tie models suggested for monotonically loaded exterior beam column connections in the literature, in the order of the date of recommendation. The authors compare Paulay, Ortiz and Vollum models in terms of their simplicity and ease of application, as well as the theoretical consistency and reliability of the models in predicting the failure loads (and shear strengths) and modes. Many parametric studies are carried out on the models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-366
Number of pages10
JournalAdvances in Earthquake Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2001
EventThird International Conference on Earthquake Resistant Engineering Structures, ERES III - Malaga, Spain
Duration: 4 Sept 20016 Sept 2001


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