The modification of Na-montmorillonite by salts of fatty acids: An easy intercalation process

Nihal Sarier*, Emel Onder, Sabri Ersoy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The organic modification of Na-montmorillonite (Na-MMT) clay by a reaction with the sodium salts of octadecanoic acid (SOD) and dodecanoic acid (SDD) was studied for the production of effectively intercalated and organophilic clays. The results of X-ray diffractometer (XRD) analysis reveal that the interlayer spacing of Na-MMT increased from 1.38 nm to 3.37-1.44 nm, 3.56-1.45 nm, 3.61-1.44 nm and 3.56-1.44 nm in the organoclays containing 393 mM SOD, 787 mM of SOD, 540 mM SDD and 1080 mM SOD, respectively. In the Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR) analyses, the stretching and bending vibrations of the hydroxyl groups of Na-MMT at 3619,3407 and 1634cm-1 15 as well as the Si-O and Al-O vibrations of silica-alumina layers at 1039-534cm-1 16 respond to the structural changes from hydrophilic to hydrophobic character. Thermogravimetric (TG) analyses results also suggest that the intercalation of SOD and SDD were achieved in the organoclays samples and the samples had permanent structural modifications, although they retained their inorganic character. The TEM-EDS and SEM results show that the SOD and SDD were well dispersed and intercalated throughout the interlayer spaces or adsorbed onto the clay surface. The suggested organic modification of Na-MMT is an easily applicable process in which the chemically stable, low cost and widely available SOD and SDD are used as intercalating agents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-49
Number of pages10
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume371
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2010

Funding

This article was prepared based on the Project TUBITAK MAG 107M126, which was funded by The Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey. We also acknowledge Istanbul Kultur University for their financial support.

FundersFunder number
TUBITAKMAG 107M126
Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştirma Kurumu
T.C. İstanbul Kültür Üniversitesi

    Keywords

    • FTIR
    • Montmorillonite
    • Organoclays
    • SEM
    • TEM-EDS
    • XRD

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