The Impact of Virtual Environments on Design Collaboration

Leman Figen Gül, Mary Lou Maher

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


With recent developments in communication and information technology there has been increasing research into the role and the impact of computer media in collaborative design. This paper presents a case study that compares two designers collaborating in three different types of virtual environments with face to face (FTF) collaboration. The aim of the study is to identify similarities and differences between remote locations in order to have a better understanding of the impact of different virtual environments on design collaboration. Our results show that the architects had different designing behaviour depending on the type of external representation: they developed more design concepts, and had more design iterations through analysis-synthesis-evaluation while designing FTF and in a remote sketching environment; while the same architects focused on one design concept and making the design when designing in 3D virtual worlds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-83
Number of pages10
JournalProceedings of the International Conference on Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes
Event24th Conference on Education in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe, eCAADe 2006 - Volos, Greece
Duration: 6 Sept 20069 Sept 2006

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2006, Education and research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe. All rights reserved.


  • 3D virtual worlds
  • Collaborative design
  • face to face collaboration
  • remote sketching
  • virtual environments


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