The impact-induced deformation characteristics of polycarbonate panels

Fehmi Mullaoglu, Fatih Usta, Halit Suleyman Turkmen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, the investigation of damage caused by a spherical steel projectile on the polycarbonate (PC) panels has been undertaken both numerically and experimentally. The material properties are obtained from both static and dynamic tests. High-velocity impact experiments are performed using a pressure-based projectile launching system. The effect of panel curvatures and impact locations on the deformation are investigated experimentally. The impact locations are selected as both at the plate center and near the edge of the plate. A validation study is performed by analyzing the impact response of a PC plate as previously presented in the literature and subsequently comparing it with the results obtained. An analysis of the impact behavior of PC panels is carried out through numerical simulations using finite element program (LS-DYNA). The effect of boundary conditions on the impact response is also investigated numerically. Plastic strains, von Mises stresses, dent depth, and energy absorption are obtained. It is indicated by the results that the deformation behavior of PC panels exhibits a strain rate dependence. Additionally, the deformation behavior is influenced by panel curvatures and boundary conditions, emphasizing the necessity to consider these factors in the design of structures, such as canopies made of PC panels. Highlights: Provides a comprehensive understanding of polycarbonate behavior. Emphasizes the influence of impact locations and panel curvatures. Dent depth and stress rise with panel curvature, crucial for design considerations. Emphasizes the significance of strain rate and boundary condition in design.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2579-2593
Number of pages15
JournalPolymer Engineering and Science
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Authors. Polymer Engineering & Science published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of Society of Plastics Engineers.


  • curvature effect
  • penetration
  • polycarbonate panel
  • projectile impact
  • strain rate


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