The effect of the programming interfaces of robots in teaching computer languages

B. Baransel Bağcı, Mustafa Kamaşak, Gökhan Ince*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Programming is a popular subject in education and experts emphasize the importance of teaching programming to the children in the high school or even earlier. In this study, we used robots for teaching programming basics to the high school and college students and observed the effects of different interfaces. We used an educational robot called Thymio-II with Aseba Event Script Language (AESL), which is designed specifically for the Thymio. In this work, our hypothesis is that visual programming interfaces are more successful on learning programming and facilitate the learning with other interfaces and languages. In order to teach programming, as well as the interfaces and the robot features, we created a curriculum applicable to all interfaces. We taught students ages ranging from 15 to 24 using lecture content prepared in the form of video recordings. Students were given 30 min of lectures and at the end of each lecture students were expected to write a program according to predefined requirements. Students were divided to groups using different interfaces and we observed the difference of the learning curves of students for each programming interface. In our tests, we used original English AESL, Turkish version of AESL and a graphical interface called Visual Programming Language (VPL). We compared the performance of the students using the graphical icon based against the classical text based programming languages.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRobotics in Education - Latest Results and Developments
EditorsRichard Balogh, Wilfried Lepuschitz, Munir Merdan, Gottfried Koppensteiner, David Obdrzalek
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9783319628745
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event8th International Conference on Robotics in Education, RiE 2017 - Sofia, Bulgaria
Duration: 26 Apr 201728 Apr 2017

Publication series

NameAdvances in Intelligent Systems and Computing
ISSN (Print)2194-5357


Conference8th International Conference on Robotics in Education, RiE 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, Springer International Publishing AG.


  • Programming interfaces
  • Robots in teaching programming
  • Teaching computer languages
  • Visual programming


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