The effect of surface roughness on laminar separated boundary layers

Mark P. Simens, Ayse G. Gungor

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Roughness effects on a laminar separation bubble, formed on a flat plate boundary layer due to a strong adverse pressure gradient similar to those encountered on the suction side of typi- cal low-pressure turbine blades, are studied by direct numerical simulation. The discrete roughness elements that have a uniform height in the spanwise direction and ones that have a height that is a function of the spanwise coordinate are modeled using the immersed boundary method. The location and the size of the roughness element are varied to study the effects on boundary development and turbulent transition, and it was found that the size of the separation bubble can be controlled by positioning the roughness element away from the separation bubble. Rough- nesses that have a height that varies in a periodic manner in the spanwise direction have a big influence on the separation bub- ble. The separation point is moved downstream due to the accel- erated flow in the openings in the roughness element, which also prevents the formation of the recirculation region after the rough- ness element. The reattachment point is moved upstream, while the height of the separation bubble is reduced. These numerical experiments indicate that laminar separation and turbulent tran- sition, are mainly affected by the type, the height, and the loca- Tion of the roughness element. Finally a comparison between the individual influence of wakes and roughness on the separation is made. It is found that the transition of the separated boundary layer with wakes occurs at almost the same streamwise location as that induced by the three-dimensional roughness element.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationASME Turbo Expo 2013
Subtitle of host publicationTurbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2013
Publication statusPublished - 2013
EventASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2013 - San Antonio, Tx, United States
Duration: 3 Jun 20137 Jun 2013

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
Volume6 C


ConferenceASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2013
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Antonio, Tx


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