The effect of cold work on the precipitation of Ω and θ∥ in a ternary Al-Cu-Mg alloy

N. Ünlü*, B. M. Gable, G. J. Shiflet, E. A. Starke

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of plastic deformation on the microstructural evolution of an Al-5.0Cu-0.5Mg (wt pct) ternary alloy was investigated. Hardness measurements and quantitative precipitate analysis were performed on specimens that were water quenched from a solution heat treatment, stretched either 0 or 6 pct and immediately aged at ambient temperature or artificially aged at 200 °C or 250 °C for times up to 3000 hours. Quantitative transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to characterize Ω and θ′ number density, diameter, and thickness as a function of preage mechanical stretch and artificial aging condition. Age hardening curves for naturally and artificially aged specimens revealed an increase in hardness corresponding with a preage stretch. Quantitative TEM verified an increase in the number density and a refinement of precipitates for both Ω and θ′ between the 0 and 6 pct stretch condition for those samples artificially aged. When aged at 200 °C, θ′ exhibited superior coarsening resistance relative to the Ω phase. The quantified Ω coarsening kinetics were greater than similar Ag-containing alloys. To investigate the effects of trace Si additions on subsequent microstructural evolution, a series of Al-Cu-Mg-Si quaternary alloys were produced. The addition of 0.1Si (wt pct) was found to suppress Ω precipitation in most Al-4.0Cu-xMg alloys investigated. These initial results indicate that Ω precipitation may be related to the Mg/Si ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2757-2769
Number of pages13
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2003
Externally publishedYes


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