Technology Assessment of Hydrogen Storage: Cases Enabling the Clean Energy Transition

Sovana Qudaih, Zeynep Bektas*, Denizhan Guven, Gulgun Kayakutlu, Mehmet Ozgur Kayalica

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this article, we show the adequacy of power systems that can incorporate renewable energy sources and hydrogen for large-scale power consumption. Using the analytic hierarchy process with a focus on multiple criteria, six grid-scalable energy storage technologies are initially assessed to this end. The most suitable option for grid-scale application is green hydrogen storage technology. Then, an optimization model is developed to advance hydrogen solutions by minimizing the annual cost equivalent to capital and operational expenditures of the systems. The model is used to comprehensively examine the integration and operation of two distinct real-life applications: hybrid power systems that incorporate hydrogen alongside renewable energy sources without natural gas and with natural gas. In this direction, this study thoroughly examines the crucial role of green hydrogen in achieving a sustainable and clean energy landscape through a multidisciplinary investigation of hydrogen production and storage from a technology management perspective. Through case studies, the practicality of integrating green hydrogen into power systems to meet substantial power demands is shown. By decreasing the systems' current costs by ∼60% and contributing to an increase in renewable energy penetration, the proposed systems provide cost-effectiveness, carbon reduction potential, and adaptability to existing infrastructure. In response to the imperative to overcome challenges in transitioning to cleaner energy, this research advocates for well-informed decision making by using the optimization model to attain a robust and eco-friendly energy future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5744-5756
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Engineering Management
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 1988-2012 IEEE.


  • Energy transition
  • green hydrogen
  • hydrogen production
  • hydrogen storage
  • technology management


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