Spent fuel interrogation using delayed fast neutron spectrum at Missouri University of Science and Technology Reactor

T. Akyurek, S. Usman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Interrogation of nuclear fuel and Plutonium (Pu) and Uranium (U) discrimination was performed using Missouri University of Science and Technology Reactor (MSTR) fuel by non-destructive (NDA) method. Post-irradiated delayed fast neutron spectra were obtained for two pairs of burnt and fresh fuels. Burnup and 239Pu conversions were calculated based on neutron emission intensity ratios. After 100 kW high power runs, all fuel elements showed three distinct regions of neutron spectra; a distinct low energy peak followed by intermediate energy region without distinct peak but a wide hump, followed by a high energy peak with a long tail. At 10 kW low powers, intermediate energy hump and low energy peak seems to merge together while the high energy peak still remains distinct. Based on data from 10 kW power runs, the burnup values of F1 and F2 fuel elements were estimated to be 149 MWD/T and 196 MWD/T, respectively. 239Pu conversion since 1992 for low enriched (19.75%) fuel elements was calculated as 0.24 g for F1 and 0.32 g for F2. Results based on high power runs of 100 kW provided comparable burnup of 217 MWD/T for F2. However the results for F1 were approximately 10 times higher perhaps due to unique burnup history and consequently high poison buildup. These experimental burnup results compare well with the reactor burnup calculation as reported to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525-540
Number of pages16
JournalProgress in Nuclear Energy
Volume85
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Funding

First author of this paper would like to express his gratitude for the financial support from the Turkish Ministry of National Education for providing support for a full doctoral program. Authors would also like to express their sincere appreciation for MSTR staff for providing support during data collection for this research and Dr. Xin Liu for offering the use of neutron measurement system.

FundersFunder number
Turkish Ministry of National Education

    Keywords

    • Burnup credit
    • Delayed fast neutrons
    • Pu/U discrimination

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