Spatial planning of stadiums according to international regulations in Turkey

Nazli Arslan, Tan Kamil Gürer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


As one of the largest structures of the city, stadiums are remarkable building typologies that bring together a high number of users. In these buildings, ensuring the comfort and safety conditions of users who actively participate in venues - from the players to the spectators - is a priority. Therefore, national and international guidelines that are published by the federations contribute to the development of qualified stadium designs. They also recommend separating the users according to the spatial requirements and creating competent, qualified architectural spaces by having suitable types of equipment. Ensuring compliance with these standards is also very essential to be able to host possible international organizations. Moreover, qualified stadiums that provide these conditions contribute to increase the brand value of sports clubs. In this study, eight stadiums built between 2000 and 2016 in Turkey are analyzed according to the technical requirements of the International Federation of Association Football. Spatial organization schemas, that FIFA introduced in guidelines to increase comfort and safety, are compared with the spatial structures of eight stadiums. In addition to that comparison outcomes are discussed whether the findings can guide future stadium designs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-102
Number of pages14
JournalA|Z ITU Journal of Faculty of Architecture
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, Istanbul Teknik Universitesi, Faculty of Architecture. All Rights Reserved.


  • Comfort
  • Design
  • International regulations
  • Security
  • Stadium


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