Severe hail climatology of Turkey

Abdullah Kahraman*, Seyda Tilev-Tanriover, Mikdat Kadioglu, David M. Schultz, Paul M. Markowski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


A climatology of severe hail (diameter equal to or exceeding approximately 1.5 cm) for Turkey is constructed from official severe weather reports from meteorological stations, newspaper archives, and Internet sources. The dataset consists of 1489 severe hail cases on 1107 severe hail days (days with at least one severe hail case) during 1925-2014. Severe hail was reported most often in the 1960s, followed by a decrease until the 2000s, and an ensuing increase in the past decade. Severe hail is most likely to occur in the afternoon and evening, and in spring and summer, particularly May and June. The geographical distribution implies that almost all of Turkey is prone to severe hailstorms. In 8.3% of the severe hail cases, very large hailstones (diameter equal to or exceeding approximately 4.5 cm) were observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-346
Number of pages10
JournalMonthly Weather Review
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 American Meteorological Society.


FundersFunder number
Natural Environment Research CouncilNE/N003918/1


    • Atm/Ocean Structure/Phenomena
    • Climatology
    • Europe
    • Extreme events
    • Geographic location/entity
    • Hail
    • Hail
    • Physical meteorology and climatology
    • Severe storms


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