Risk Assessment of Launching Airbags Using Functional Resonance Accident Model

Hakan Akyıldız*, Ayhan Mentes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


‘Ship Launching Airbags’ can greatly increase the economic benefits of a new gravitational launching operation. Gravitational launching of a new ship with marine airbags takes into account the resistance force of rolling friction. However, a launching operation is a high-risk process, as it involves many risk factors. In this paper, Functional Resonance Accident Model (FRAM) was used systematically to identify potential risks and carry out the risk analysis of the ship launching operation. The human factor, technical factors, and organisational factors were identified based on the common performance conditions of FRAM. Functional performance changes, prevention, and hazard control barriers were evaluated to identify key operations. The results show that the ship launching operation is characterized by high collision, decreasing stability, and the need for the use of airbags.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTransactions on Maritime Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, Faculty of Maritime Studies. All rights reserved.


  • Functional Resonance Accident Model
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Control Barriers
  • Risk Factors
  • Ship Launching Airbags


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