Removal of As(V) from groundwater by a new electrocoagulation reactor using Fe ball anodes: optimization of operating parameters

E. Sık, M. Kobya*, E. Demirbas, M. S. Oncel, A. Y. Goren

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract: Removal of As(V) from groundwater by a new air-injected electrocoagulation (EC) reactor using iron (Fe) ball anodes was investigated and the operating conditions were optimized. Effects of operating parameters such as initial pH (pHi: 6.5–8.5), current (i: 0.1–0.5 A), operating time (tEC: 1–3 min), size of Fe anode ball (dp: 5–10 mm), initial As(V) concentration (Co: 50–150 μg/L), air flow rate (Qair: 2–10 L/min), and column height of Fe ball (h: 2–8 cm) in the EC reactor were evaluated with a three-level factorial design viz. Box–Behnken statistical experiment design. The model program provided with responses such as effluent As(V) concentration, removal efficiency, and operating cost for the EC process. Analysis of variance for all variables had confirmed the predicted models by the experimental design within 95% confidence level (R2: 0.94, adj-R2: 0.87), which ensured a satisfactory adjustment of the quadratic model with the experimental data. The maximum removal efficiency of As(V), minimum operating cost, and lowest effluent concentration at the optimized conditions (pHi 7.2, 0.5 A, 1.2 min, 5 mm ball size, column height of 4.8 cm, and 9.9 L/min) for initial concentration of 100 μg/L were obtained as 99.2%, 0.031 $/m3, and 0.4 μg/L, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1177-1190
Number of pages14
JournalDesalination and Water Treatment
Volume56
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Balaban Desalination Publications. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Arsenate removal
  • Electrocoagulation
  • Iron ball anode
  • Optimization

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