Production and characterization of ionizing radiation shielding material from algal biomass

Ece Polat, Batuhan Gültekin, Mustafa Can Canoğlu, Mahmut Altınbaş, Hasan Oğul*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study employs several approaches to enhance environmental sustainability: First, algal biomass (with 52.5% protein content) was converted into value-added products. Second, residual algal biomass from protein extraction and pigment extraction and raw algal biomass were used to manufacture bioplastics. Third, radiation shielding performance of bioplastics has been investigated. As an alternative to plastics originated from petroleum-based raw materials, environmentally friendly bioplastics were derived from residual algae biomass after extraction. The gamma-ray radiation shielding properties of the produced bioplastic have been investigated using WinXCOM theoretical calculation and GEANT4 Monte Carlo (MC) simulation. Fast neutron shielding performance of the considered materials also evaluated with help of theoretical calculation and the same MC simulation. The produced bioplastics are similar to ones with commercially available PLA polymer. Sample 1 was found to be better gamma-ray attenuator while Sample 2 has the highest value of the effective neutron removal cross section. Additionally, the boron addition has resulted in lower water absorption capacity in the prepared samples. Using algae to produce more than one product as a raw material source will be an effective step toward sustainable life, and they could be an alternative gamma-ray shielding material to existing commercial polymers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111933
JournalRadiation Physics and Chemistry
Volume223
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Algal biomass
  • Bioplastics
  • Radiation shielding
  • Water absorption capacity

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